On September 25, 1959 marks the assassination of Bandaranayke, Sri Lanka’s nationalist and progressive Prime Minister of by a Buddha monk. On his return from England where he graduated from Oxford, he founded the party of “Freedom for Sri Lanka”in 1952 inspired by, as he said, “the courage he gained from Dr. Mohammad Mosaddeq (Iranian national leader)” and he went on to take over the oppositionleadership. The party of freedom for Sri Lanka was a nationalist party with socialist tendencies. Bandaranayke formed a coalition with four socialist and social-democrat parties under the slogan of “Sri Lanka belongs to Sri Lankans and its language should be its native language”, winning the 1956 elections and becoming Prime Minister. He then gained membership for Sri Lanka in the Non-Aligned Movement.
Following the assassination his wife Siriema, known asMadam Bandaranayke, was elected as his successor. She was the first female prime minister in the world, staying at this post for three rounds until her death in the year 2000. In 1994, her daughter, Ms. Chandrica, was elected as the country’s president while at the same time her mother was the prime minister for 6 years.